Organic fertilizer is a kind of natural organic matter as a basis of fertilizer, used to improve the quality of the soil and provide plants with the required nutrition. Compared with chemical fertilizers, organic fertilizers are more environmentally friendly and sustainable, in line with the principles and standards of organic farming. It not only enriches the soil but also promotes healthy plant growth. Here is a simple guide on how to make organic fertilizer:
Collect Organic Materials
The main material is livestock and poultry manure. The ingredients (straw, discarded tobacco leaves, mango planting, processing waste, etc.) are crushed, and some nitrogen, phosphate rock powder, etc. can be added appropriately. Adjust the nutrients, carbon-nitrogen ratio, carbon-phosphorus ratio, PH value, etc. of the material. After treatment, the moisture content of the raw material is 60%-65%, and the C/N ratio is 20-30. If beneficial bacteria and functional inoculants are needed to produce bio-organic fertilizer, they generally need to be added after the high-temperature fermentation period when the temperature of the material is less than 40 degrees. The paddle-type turning machine can control the material in the tank in sections for easy operation.
- Kitchen scraps: Vegetable peels, leftover food, coffee grounds, etc.
- Lawn clippings: Use the clippings from mowing your lawn as organic material.
- Withered plants: Gather withered plants, fallen leaves, and other plant waste.
- Animal manure: Manure from poultry or livestock provides rich nutrients.
Crushed Organic Materials
Crushed organic material can increase the aeration and drainage of the compost pile. This helps maintain the right humidity and oxygen supply, which promotes the decomposition of organic matter.
When choosing a fertilizer crusher, it is necessary to comprehensively consider the hardness, humidity, particle size, output, powder fineness, and other factors of the material to choose the appropriate equipment. When feeding materials, put the materials into the pulverizer evenly, and pay attention to controlling the flow and concentration of the materials to avoid excessive or insufficient, which will affect the normal operation of the equipment. During the operation of the equipment, it is necessary to pay attention to monitoring the current, temperature, vibration, and other indicators of the equipment, and to adjust the parameters such as the speed of the equipment and the amount of feed, so as to ensure the stable operation of the equipment and the production standard.
A Valuable Organic Resource Compost manure is a nutrient-rich organic material obtained from the decomposition of plant residues, animal waste, and other organic matter. It serves as an excellent source of organic nutrients for plants, providing essential elements such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Compost manure also improves soil structure, enhances water retention, and promotes beneficial microbial activity. Two methods of organic fertilizer fermentation are introduced below:
Organic Fertilizer Fermentation Tank:
A new type of organic fertilizer fermentation method. The fermentation cycle can be shortened to 7 days.
Continuous Workflow: Organic Fertilizer Fermentation Tank operates on a continuous workflow, significantly reducing operational time and increasing efficiency in organic waste management.
Minimal Space Requirements and Modular Design: The stand-alone Organic Fertilizer Fermentation Tank has been designed with minimal space requirements in mind. With a compact footprint of only 30 square meters, farmers have the flexibility to integrate it into their existing farm layout without significant modifications. This modular design allows for scalability and easy expansion as per the farm’s needs.
Sturdy and Stable Structure: The Organic Fertilizer Fermentation Tank is built with durable components, ensuring its stability and longevity. This guarantees reliable performance and minimizes maintenance requirements.
Stainless Steel Insulated Tank: The Organic Fertilizer Fermentation Tank incorporates a stainless steel insulated tank, which helps maintain optimal fermentation temperatures. With a core temperature reaching up to 70°C, the system ensures efficient decomposition of organic matter.
Compost Turner regularly turns and stirs the organic matter to promote oxygen supply and uniformity during the fermentation process.
The fermentation of organic fertilizer raw materials uses a paddle-type turning machine to cut and turn the material, which can make the material in the tank move backward; at the same time, the turning machine can be used as a mixer with a stirring function, and the layered material can be made when batching. After stirring evenly, it enters the fermentation period, which can greatly save the investment in raw materials and equipment and the workload.
Organic Fertilizer Granulation
Organic fertilizer granulation is one of the key steps in organic fertilizer production. Organic fertilizers are derived from natural resources such as animal manure, compost, and plant residues. While these materials are rich in essential nutrients, they are often bulky and difficult to process in their raw form. Organic fertilizer granulation solves this problem by converting these materials into granules, making them easier to store, transport, and apply. After the organic raw materials are mixed, they enter the granulation equipment. Common granulation equipment includes rotary drum granulators, disc granulators, flat die pellet mills and ring die pellet mills.
Organic Fertilizer Drying & Cooling
Reduce humidity: When preparing organic fertilizer pellets, liquid ingredients or moisture are often added to help the pellets form. However, excessive moisture will cause organic fertilizer particles to become wet during storage and transportation, causing adhesion between particles and reducing the quality of the particles. Through the drying process, excess moisture can be evaporated, allowing the particles to reach ideal moisture levels, preventing clumping and extending product life.
Prevent the growth of mold and bacteria: Organic fertilizers are rich in organic matter, which is an ideal environment for the growth of microorganisms. Under high humidity and temperature conditions, mold and bacteria may multiply in organic fertilizer pellets, causing fermentation and deterioration. Through drying and cooling, humidity can be reduced and the risk of microbial growth reduced, thus improving the stability and storage life of organic fertilizers.
Improve granule quality: Drying and cooling can improve the appearance and physical properties of organic fertilizer granules. They help maintain the shape and hardness of the pellets, preventing them from breaking or wearing out during storage and transportation.
Increase product stability: After drying and cooling, organic fertilizer is more stable and can better maintain nutrient content and avoid nutrient loss. This helps ensure a consistent supply of nutrients in the final product.
Extended product life: By reducing moisture and microbial activity, the life of organic fertilizer pellets is extended, which is beneficial to both manufacturers and users, reducing product waste and costs.
Organ Fertilizer Screening & Packing
The screening and packaging of organic fertilizer is the last critical step in making organic fertilizer. We offer drum screening machines and packaging machines. This advanced machine plays an important role in the organic fertilizer production and packaging industry, helping manufacturers improve efficiency, reduce costs, and ensure consistent product quality by providing automated, precise, and high-volume packaging solutions.